Contents of Literature

Abdollah, H., Milliken, J.A.:
Recognition of electrocardiographic left_arm/left_leg_(LA/LL) lead_reversal_(LR). Am J Cardiol 80:1247-49, 1997.
 
Baljepally, R., Spodick, DH.:
PR-segment_deviation as the initial electrocardiographic response in acute_pericarditis. Am J Cardiol 82:15-16, 1998.
 
Bellandi, F., Dabizzi, R.P., Giovannin, T., et al.:
Can the arrhythmia duration influence the atrial_mechanical_function_recovery_(AMFR) after pharmacological_cardioversion of atrial_fibrillation_(AFI)? Pulsed Doppler echocardiographic evaluation. Eur Heart J 18:(Abstr.Suppl.) p.539 (P3044) 1997.
 
Birnbaum Y, Kloner RA, Sclarovsky S, et al.:
Distortion of the terminal portion of the QRS on the admission electrocardiogram in acute myocardial infarction and correlation with infarct size and long-term prognosis (Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) 4 Trial). Am J Cardiol 1996;78:396-403.
 
Boriani, G., Biffi, M., Capucci, A., et al:
Oral loading with propafenone in elderly and non-elderly patients with recent-onset atrial_fibrillation_(AFI): a placebo-controlled study. Eur Heart J 18:(Abstr. Suppl.) p.541 (P3055) 1997.
 
Brandt, RR., Hammill, SC., Higano, ST.:
Electrocardiographic diagnosis of acute_myocardial_infarction during ventricular_pacing. Circulation 97:2274, 1998.
 
Brugada, J., Brugada, R., Brugada, P.:
Right_bundle_branch_block and ST_segment_elevation in leads V1-V3: a marker for sudden death in patients without demonstrable structural heart disease. Circulation 96:(Abstr. Suppl.) I-151 (841) 1997.
 
Campbell, R.W.F.:
Supraventricular tachycardia: Occasional nuisance or frequent threat? Eur Heart J, 17:21-25, 1996.
 
Corrado, D., Basso, C., Schiavon, M., et al:
Preparticipation cardiovascular screening and sudden_death in young competitive athletes. A prospective clinical and pathological study. Circulation 96:(Abstr, Suppl.) I-152 (846) 1997.
 
Coumel, P., Maison-Blanche, P., Badilini, F.:
Dispersion of ventricular repolarization. Reality? Illusion? Significance? Circulation 97:2491-2493, 1998.
 
Cullen, J.H.S., Jivan, A., Tranter, J., et al.:
The mechanism of precordial ST-segment depression (Std) in inferior myocardial_infarction_(IAMI): evaluation by contrast enhanced ultra-fast magnetic_resonance imaging (MRI) compared with thallium-201 scintigraphy. Eur Heart J 18:(Abstr. Suppl.) p.433 (P2399) 1997.
 
Dorostkar, P.C., Eldar, M., Belhassen, B., et al.:
Long-term follow-up of patients with the idiopathic_long-QT_syndrome treated with combined beta-blockers and chronic pacing. Circulation. 96: (Abstr. Suppl.) I-212 (1172) 1997.
 
Drici, M.D., Knollmann, B.C., Wang, W.X., et al.:
Gender and reports of erythromycin-related arrhythmias. Circulation 96:(Abstr. Suppl.) I-211 (1166) 1997.
 
Elming, H., Jun, L., Holm, E., et al.:
QT_interval_(QTi) and QT_interval_dispersion_(Qtd) are independent predictors of cardiac fatal and/or non-fatal_morbidity in a general population. Circulation. 96:(Abstr. Suppl.) p.I-758 (4254) 1997.
 
Engelen, D.J.M., Gorgels, A.P.M., Oude Ophuis, A.J.M., et al.:
ST-deviation in the extremity leads and the exact occlusion site of the LAD coronary artery in acute anterior_myocardial_infarction. Eur Heart J 18:(Abstr. Suppl.) p.430 (P2389). 1997.
 
Fresco, C., Proclemer, A.:
Management of recent onset atrial_fibrillation. Eur Heart J 17 (Suppl C):41-47, 1996.
 
Frohner, K., Hammerl, H., Merl, O., et al.:
Can stable sinus rhythm be restored even in patients with a long-standing (> 1 year) permanent atrial_fibrillation_(AFI). Eur Heart J 18:(Abstr. Suppl.) p.542 (P3059) 1997.
 
Giardina, E-G., V.:
Atrial_fibrillation and stroke: elucidating a newly discovered risk factor. Am J Cardiol 80(4C): 11D-18D, 1997.
 
Gibler, W.B., Gore, J.M., Weaver, W.D.:
Reduced time to thrombolytic delivery, but static time to presentation: the GUSTO experience from 1990 to 1997. Circulation 96:(Abstr. Suppl.) p. I-201 (1116) 1997.
 
Gietzen, F., Lerch M., Kuhn H.:
High prevalence of right ventricular outflow tract premature beats in unselected patients from an academic teaching hospital. Eur Heart J 18:(Abstr. Suppl.) p.216 (P1250) 1997.
 
Glancy, J.M., Garratt C.J., Woods, K.L., de Bono, D.P.:
Use of lead adjustment formulas for QT_dispersion after myocardial_infarction. Br Heart J 74:676-679, 1995.
 
Gomes, J.A., Mehta, D., Ip, J., et al.:
Predictors of long-term survival in patients with malignant_ventricular_arrhythmias_(MVAs). Am J Cardiol 79:1054-1060, 1997.
 
Grimm, W., Degenhardt, M., Hoffmann, J.:
Outcome of patients with suspected neurally_mediated_syncope_(NMS) without medical treatment after baseline head-up_tilt_testing (HUT). Eur Heart J 18:(Abstr. Suppl.) p.547 (P3076) 1997.
 
Grimm, R.A., Tsui, K-L., Vaughn, S.E, et al.:
TEE-guided early cardioversion of atrial_flutter: results from the ACUTE Trial registry. Circulation. 96:(Abstr.Suppl.) I-25 (132) 1997.
 
Halperin, B.D., Brodsky, M.A., Lancaster, S., et al.:
Prognostic value of baseline electrophysiologic_studies: the Antiarrhythmics Versus Implantable_Defibrillators (AVID) Trial. Circulation. 96:(Abstr. Suppl.) I-334. (1865) 1997.
 
Herz, I, Assali, A., Solodky, A., et al.:
New ECG criteria for prediction of the culprit_artery in acute_inferior_myocardial_infarction (AIMI). Eur Heart J 18:(Abstr. Suppl.) p.429 (P2386) 1997.
 
Hnatkova, K., Waktare, J.E.P., Poloniecki, J.:
Digoxin improves long-term stability of ventricular_rate during episodes of paroxysmal_atrial_fibrillation_(pAFI). Eur Heart J 18:(Abstr. Suppl.) p. 546 (P3074) 1997.
 
Hoffmann, E., Dorwarth, U., Muller, D., et al.:
Does antiarrhythmic drug therapy guided by electrophysiologic study improve outcome of patients with ventricular_tachyarrhythmia ? First results from the Antiarrhythmic Drug Improve Outcome Study (ADIOS). Circulation 96:(Abstr. Suppl.) I-77 (422) 1997.
 
Holmvang, L., Hasbak, P., Clemmensen, P., et al.:
Differences between local investigator and core laboratory interpretation of the admission electrocardiogram in patients with unstable_angina_pectoris or non-q-wave_myocardial_infarction (a ThRombin_Inhibition_in_Myocardial_ischemia_(TRIM) substudy). Am J Cardiol 82:54-60, 1998.
 
Ichkhan,K., Molnar, J., Somberg, J.:
Relation of left ventricular mass and QT_dispersion_(QTd) in patients with systematic hypertension. Am J Cardiol, 79:508-511, 1997.
 
Jun, L., Elming H., Holm E., et al.:
QT_interval_dispersion (Qtd) is an independent predictor of cardiovascular fatal and/or non_fatal morbidity in a general population. Eur Heart J 18:(Abstr. Suppl.) p.200 (P1187) 1997.
 
Kennedy, H.L.:
Beta_blockade, ventricular_arrhythmias_(VAs), and sudden_cardiac_death_(SCD). Am J Cardiol 80:(9B) 29J-34J, 1997.
 
Kennedy, R.L., Burton, A.M., Fraser, H.S., et al:
Early diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction using clinical and electrocardiographic data at presentation: derivation and evaluation of logistic regression models. Eur Heart J, 17: 1181-1191, 1996.
 
Kerin, N.Z., Somberg J.:
Proarrhytmia: definition, risk factors, causes, treatment, and controversies. Am Heart J, 128:575-585, 1994.
 
Khan, MA., Sinha, S., Hayton, S., et al.:
A normal electrocardiogram precludes the need for left ventriculography in the assessment of coronary artery disease. Heart 79: 262-267, 1998.
 
Kinoshita, S., Mitsuoka T.:
Effect of standing on ventricular parasystole: shortening of the parasystolic cycle length. Heart 77:133-137, 1997.
 
Kochiadakis, GE., Igoumenidis, NE., Marketou, ME., et al.:
Low-dose amiodarone versus sotalol for suppression of recurrent_symptomatic_atrial_fibrillation. Am J Cardiol 81:995-998, 1998.
 
Kosuge, M., Kimura, K., Ishikawa, T., et al.:
Value of the ST-segment_elevation (ST_EL) pattern in predicting infarct_size in patients with a first acute_anterior_myocardial_infarction (AAMI). Eur Heart J 18:(Abstr. Suppl.) p.429 (P2387) 1997.
 
Laham, C.L., Hammill, S.C., Gibbons R.J.:
New criteria for the diagnosis of healed inferior wall myocardial infarction in patients with left_bundle_branch_block. Am. J Cardiol. 79:19-22, 1997.
 
Lee, S., Chen, S., Tai, C., et al.:
Comparisons of oral propafenone and sotalol as an initial treatment in patients with symptomatic paroxysmal_atrial_fibrillation. Am J Cardiol 79:905-908, 1997.
 
Levy, D., Salomon M., D`Agostino, R. B., et al.:
Prognostic implications of baseline electrocardiographic features and their serial changes in subjects with left ventricular hypertrophy. Circulation 90:1786:1793, 1994.
 
Macfarlane, P.W.:
Electrocardiographic measures including QT_dispersion in the West of Scotland Coronary Prevention Study. Circulation. 96:(Abstr. Suppl.) I-325 (1817) 1997.
 
Maglio,C., Akhtar, M., Blanck, Z., et al.:
Atrial_defibrillation with implanted_atrial_defibrillator_(IAD) in patients with spontaneous atrial_fibrillation. Circulation 96:(Abstr. Suppl.) I-75 (409) 1997.
 
Malik, M., Camm, A.J., Julian, D.G., et al.:
Amiodarone reduces mortality in post infarction patients with depressed ejection_fraction and increased_heart_rate_(I_HR). Eur. Heart J 18:(Abstr. Suppl.) p. 544 (P3065) 1997.
 
Maragos, S.G., Miller, D.P., Topol, E.J.:
A new ECG-anatomical classification of acute myocardial_infarction provides enhanced prediction of 30-day_mortality and one_year_mortality. Circulation. 96:(Abstr. Suppl.) I-215 (1188) 1997.
 
Menozzi, C., Brignole, M., Alboni, P., et al.:
The natural course of untreated sick_sinus_syndrome_(SSS): identification of the variables predictive of unfavorable outcome. Eur Heart J 18:(Abstr. Suppl.) p.547 (P3077) 1997.
 
Meyerfeldt, U., Schirdewan, A., Wiedemann, M., et al.:
Natural, trigger mechanisms of ventricular_fibrillation_(VFI) in patients with chronic_heart_failure (CHF). Eur Heart J 18:(Abstr. Suppl.) p.189 (P1143) 1997.
 
Oikarinen, L., Toivonen, L., Viitasalo, M.:
Electrocardiographic measures of ventricular repolarisation dispersion (=QT_dispersion, QT_d) in patients with coronary_artery_disease (=CAD) susceptible to ventricular_fibrillation_(=VFIB). Heart 79:554-559, 1998.
 
Okin, P.M., Roman, M.J., Kligfield, P.:
The relationship of heterogeneity of repolarization to left_ventricular_mass (LVM) and LV_hypertrophy (LVH). Circulation 96:(Abstr. Suppl.) I-758 (4253) 1997.
 
Omran, H., Jung, W., Rabahieh, R., et al.:
Left_atrial_appendage_function (LAAF) in patients with atrial_flutter (AFL). Eur Heart J 18:(Abstr. Suppl.) p.114 (727) 1997.
 
Omran, H., Jung, W., Illien, S., et al.:
Depressed left_atrial_appendage_function (LAAF) is a marker of recurrence of AFI following successful cardioversion of chronic_AFI. Eur Heart J 18:(Abstr. Suppl.) p. 538 (P3042) 1997.
 
Pedersen, O.D., Bagger, H., Kober, L., et al:
Trandolapril reduces the incidence of atrial_fibrillation following acute myocardial infarction. Circulation 96:(Abstr. Suppl.) I-75 (411) 1997.
 
Perez, Y., Duval, A.M., Carville, C., et al.:
Is left_atrial_apendage_(LAA)_flow a predictor for outcome of cardioversion of nonvalvular_AFI_(NVAFI)? A Transthoracic_(TTE) and transesophageal_(TEE) echocardiographic study. Am Heart J 134:745-51, 1997.
 
Peters, S., Weber, B., Peters, H., et al.:
Localized right pericordial_QRS prolongation as the basic ECG finding in arrhythmogenic_RV_dysplasia_cardiomyopathy_(ARVD). Circulation 96:(Abstr. Suppl.) I-459 (2566) 1997.
 
Plewan, A., Lehmann, G., Zrenner, B., :
Maintenance of sinus rhythm after cardioversion of atrial_fibrillation: sotalol vs. bisoprolol. Circulation 96: (Abstr. Suppl.) I-264 (1465) 1997.
 
Popovic, A.D., Neskovic, A.N., Pavlovski, K., and et al.:
Association of ventricular arrhythmias with left ventricular remodeling after myocardial infarction. Heart 77:423-427, 1997.
 
Porter, A., Ben-gal, T., Sclarovsky, S., et al.:
Two patterns of lead_III ST_segment depression during acute anterior wall myocardial_infarction: an early electrocardiographic marker for “wrapped”_LAD (left anterior descending artery) identification. Eur Heart J 18:(Abstr. Suppl.) p.430 (P2388) 1997.
 
Pratt, CM., Waldo, AL., Camm, AJ.:
Can antiarrhythmic drugs survive Survival_Trials. Am J Cardiol 81(6A):24D-34D, 1998.
 
Priori, S.G., Napolitano, C., Schwartz, P.J., et al.:
KvLQT1 mutation in drug-induced_torsade_de_pointes (TdP). Eur Heart J. 18: (Abstr. Suppl.) p. 29 (324) 1997.
 
Prystowsky EN, Benson DW, Fuster V. et al.:
Management of patients with atrial fibrillation (AHA Medical/Scientific Statement) Circulation 1996;93:1262-1277)
 
Reiffel, J.A., Hahn, E., Hartz, V., eiter M.J.:
Sotalol for ventricular_tachyarrhythmias: beta-blocking and Class_III contributions, and relative efficacy versus Class_I drugs after prior drug failure. Am J Cardiol 79:1048-1053, 1997.
 
Reimold, S.C.: Clinical challange I:
Control of recurrent symptomatic atrial_fibrillation. Europ Heart J 17(Suppl C):35-40, 1996.
 
Repetto, A., Cavalotti, C., Bucci, L., et al.:
Clinical and echocardiographic correlations between basal_electrocardiogram and response of infarcted area to dobutamine in patients with recent Q_wave_myocardial infarction. Eur Heart J 18:(Abstr. Suppl.) p.430 (P2390) 1997.
 
Roijer, A., Lindgren, A., Ruding, O., et al.:
Potential cardioembolic sources in an elderly population without stroke. Eur. Heart J. 17:1103, 1996.
 
Roithinger, F.X., Karch, M.R., Steiner, P.R., et al.:
Organized activation during atrial fibrillation in man: endocardial and electrocardiographic manifestations. Circulation 96:(Abstr. Suppl.) I-76 (417) 1997.
 
Rostagno C, Bacci F, Martelli M, et al. :
Clinical course of lone atrial fibrillation since first symptomatic arrhythmic episode. Am J Cardiol 1995;76:837-839.
 
Ryan MP, Cleland JGF, French JA, et al.:
The standard electrocardiogram as screening test for hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Am J Cardiol 1995;76:689-694.
 
Sansoy, V., Abbott, R.D., Jayaweera, A.R, and Kaul, S.:
Low yield of transthoracic echocardiography for cardiac source of embolism. Am. J. Cardiol. 75:166, 1995.
 
Santinelli, V., Oppo, I., Pisani, E., et al.:
Syncope recorded during Holter monitoring in 25 patients: insights in pathophysiology of syncope in cardiac patients. Eur Heart J 18:(Abstr. Suppl.) p.546 ( P3075) 1997.
 
Savonitto, S., Ardissino, D., Ottani, F., et al.:
Prognostic value of the admission electrocardiogram in acute_coronary_syndromes (ACS). Results from the GUSTO-IIb trial. Eur Heart J. 18: (Abstr. Suppl.) p. 124 (812) 1997.
 
Schaumann, A., Neufert, F., Kreuzer, H.:
What is the trigger mechanism for ventricular arrhythmias in coronary versus non-ischemic cardiac disease. Eur Heart J 18:(Abstr. Suppl.) p.30 (326) 1997.
 
Schwartz, P.J., Matteo, P.S., Moss, A.J., et al.:
Gene-specific influence on the triggers for cardiac arrest in the long_QT_syndrome. Circulation 96: (Abstr. Suppl.) I-212 (1170) 1997.
 
Seidl, K., Jung W., Werling C., et al.:
Performance of the atrial_fibrillation (AF) detection and R-wave synchronization algorithms for the Metrix automatic implantable_atrial_defibrillator (IAD). Eur Heart J 18: (Abstr. Suppl.) p.322 (P1799) 1997.
 
Sim, I., McDonald, K.M., Lavori, P.W., et al.:
Quantitative overview of randomized trials of amiodarone to prevent sudden_cardiac_death_(SCD) (Meta-Analysis). Circulation 96:2823-29, 1997.
 
Singh BN :
The coming of age of the class_III antiarrhythmic principle : retrospective and future trends. Am J Cardiol Vol. 78 (4A) pp. 17-27. 1996.
 
Singh, BN.:
Antiarrhythmic drugs: a reorientation in light of recent developments in the control of disorders of rhythm. Am J Cardiol 81:(6A):3D-13D, 1998.
 
Statters D J, Malik M, Redwood S, et al.:
Use of ventricular premature complexes (VPCs) for risk stratification after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in the thrombolytic area. Am J Cardiol 133-138, 1995.
 
Stevenson, LW., Massie, BM., Francis, GS.:
Optimizing therapy for complex or refractory_heart_failure: a management algorithm. Am Heart J. 135:S293-S309, 1998.
 
Swan, H., Saarinen, K., Kontula, K., et al.:
Ventricular repolarization and sinus node function during exercise-induced autonomic nervous changes in congenital_long_QT_syndrome type_1 (LQT1). Circulation 96:(Abstr. Suppl.) I-211 (1168) 1997.
 
Tada, H., Aihara, N., Ohe, T., et al.:
Arrhythmogen_right_ventricular_cardiomyopathy underlies syndrome of RBBB, ST-segment_elevation, and sudden_death. Am J Cardiol 81:519-522, 1998.
 
Tamura, A., Watanabe, T., Nagase, K., et al.:
Significance of negative U-waves in the precordial leads during anterior wall acute myocardial_infarction. Am J Cardiol 79:897-900, 1997.
 
Tate, R.B., Manfreda, J., Cuddy, T.E.:
Electrocardiographic abnormalities and the risk of sudden_cardiac_death_(SCD): The Manitoba follow-up study, 1948-1993. Circulation 96:(Abstr. Suppl.) I-405 (2272) 1997.
 
Turazza, F.M., Maggioni, A.P., Franzosi, M.:
Righ ventricular acute myocardial_infarction: in-hospital mortality in GISSI-3 Trial. Circulation 96:(Abstr. Suppl.) I-28 (148) 1997.
 
Viik, J., Lehtinen, R., Turjanmaa, V., et al.:
Correct utilization of exercise_electrocardiographic leads in differentiation of men with coronary artery disease (=CAD) from patients with a low likelihood of CAD using peak exercise ST-segment_depression. Am J Cardiol 81:964-969, 1998.
 
Waktare, JEP., Camm, AJ.:
Acute treatment of atrial_fibrillation: why and when to maintain sinus_rhythm. 81(5A):3C-15C, 1998.
 
Waldo, AL., Prystowsky, EN.:
Drug therapy of atrial_fibrillation in the managed_care era. Am J Cardiol 81(5A):23C-29C, 1998.
 
Wang K, Asinger R, Hodges M.:
Electrocardiograms of Wolf-Parkinson-White_syndrome simulating other conditions. Am Heart J 1996;132:152-155.
 
Wanless, R.S., Anderson, K., Joy, M., Joseph, S.P.:
Multicenter comparative study of the efficacy and safety of sotalol in the prophylactic treatment of patients with paroxysmal_supraventricular_tachyarrhythmias. Am Heart J 133:441-446, 1997.
 
Wellens, H., J., J.:
The value of the ECG in the diagnosis of supraventricular tachycardias. Eur Heart J Vol. 17, Suppl C 10-20. 1996.
 
Williams JF, Bristow MR, Fowler MB, et al.:
Guidelines for the evaluation and management of heart failure (Report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines (Committee on evaluation and management of heart failure) Circulation 1995;92:2764-2784.
 
Yamashita, S., Dohi, Y., Kojima, M., et al.:
Is the electrocardiogram useful for detecting left_ventricular_hypertrophy (LVH) in the elderly. Eur Heart J 18:(Abstr. Suppl.) p.569 (3308) 1997.
 
Yu, W-Ch., Chen, S-A., Chiang, Ch-E., et al.:
Class_I, Class_II, and Class_III antiarrhythmic drugs can not prevent electrical_remodeling of human atrial_fibrillation. Circulation (Abstr.Suppl.) 96:I-75 (413) 1997.
 
Zalenski, R.J., Rydman, R.J., Sloan, E.P., et al.:
Value of posterior and right ventricular leads in comparison to the standard 12-lead electrocardiogram in evaluation of ST-segment elevation in suspected acute_myocardial_infarction. Am J Cardiol 79:1579-1585, 1997.